Nagpanchmi 19th august 2015
Nagpanchmi is usually celebrated across the country on the 5th day of Shravana month (July or August). This year it is falling on 19th of August.
The Nag Panchami or festival of snakes is celebrated on the fifth day of the moonlit fortnight in the month of Shravan (July /August) according to the Hindu calendar. Shukla Paksha tithi Panchami during Sawan month is observed as Nag Panchami. Usually Nag Panchami day falls two days after Hariyali Teej. Millions of locals celebrate it with festive spirit. It is the festive day when the snake gods (Naagas in Sanskrit) are worshipped. Women worship Nag Devta and offer milk to snakes on this day. Women also pray for the wellness of their brothers and family.
Hindu mythologies are filled with tales and stories about snakes, the most chief being the Sheshnag of Lord Vishnu. It is quite understandable that India with such mythological background celebrates Nag Panchami in honor of snakes every year.
As per Hindu puranic literature, Kashyapa, son of Lord Brahma, the creator had four consorts and the third wife was Kadroo who belonged to the Naga race of the Pitru Loka and she gave birth to the Nagas; among the other three, the first wife gave birth to Devas, the second to Garuda and the fourth to Daityas.
Vedic scripture Mahabharata mentions the story of Janamejeya whose father King Parikshit was killed by a snake named Taksaka. Angered, Janamejeya called for the greatest sacrifice which would kill all the snakes across the earth. The Sacrificial Fire was started and performed by qualified priests and Brahmins. It was so magnanimous that all the snakes except Taksaka were drawn and dragged to the Fire. Taksaka hiding in the heavenly abode of King Indra was too dragged along with Indra as the Brahmins intensified the Fire. The gods, disturbed by the event, prayed to goddess Manasadevi for a peaceful resolve. She asked her son Astika to pacify Janamejeya. Later, King Janamejeya was astounded by the scriptural knowledge of Astika who asked for a boon from the King. The King gave up his revengeful spirit and told Brahmins to stop the Fire. This was the day when all the snakes got their life back. Hence, the Hindus worship snake gods on the day.
There are numerous legends related with Nag Panchami. One legend has it that a farmer accidentally killed some little serpents. Enraged, the mother of the serpents took vengeance by biting and killing the farmer and his family. One daughter was spared as she was praying to the Nagas. This act resulted in the revival of the farmer and his family. Ever since, Nag Panchami is celebrated in India every year. It is understood that in reward for worship the snakes will not at all harm any member of the family.
Lord Krishna conquered evil King Naga Kalia and put an end to the evil deeds of an evil snake on Nag Panchami.
As per one of the Vedic scriptures Garuda Purana, one should offer prayers to the snake gods on this day and offer food to Brahmins.
As per the yoga theory, Kundalini is depicted as a snake situated at the root of the spinal cord and it is said that Kundalini energy exists there. If one succeeds in awakening this divine snake energy, one becomes enlightened and gets many divine powers.
As per Astrology
According to Hindu Astrology – Nag Panchami day is very auspicious to do pooja for serpents (Nag) and to remove Kaal Sarpa dosha in kundali. (Kaal Sarpa dosha happens when all planets come in the axis of Rahu and Ketu). People who are under the bad effect of Rahu/ Ketu mahadasa/ antardasa, in your horoscope or if you have a kal sarpa dosh in your horoscope then you can perform dosha shanti puja on this day of Nag Panchami because the time of "Nag Panchami" is the most valuable to remove kaalsarp dosh by yagya & pooja.
Other benefits of performing pooja on this day:
On this day, one can offer milk, sweets or flowers to snakes.
Snakes are so valued that temples have also been built in their honor. On Nag Panchami day, snakes or their pictures are honored and religious rituals are performed to seek the good will of snakes. Best is to get snakes made of silver and worship them as its very effective astrologically.
Some people keep fast one day before Nag Panchami and fasting day before Nag Panchami is known as Nag Chaturthi or Nagul Chavithi. The devotee may purify the deity with sacred bath and offer milk.
Worship the deity reciting this mantra :
नाग प्रीता भवन्ति शान्तिमाप्नोति बिअ विबोह् / 'Naga preeta bhavanti shantimapnoti via viboh
सशन्ति लोक मा साध्य मोदते सस्थित समः/ Sashanti lok ma sadhya modate shashttih samh'
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